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Silk and Spices is one of Uzbekistan's oldest festivals. The event is traditionally organised in the wonderful ancient Bukhara in May, every year since 2001. A spectacular and colourful parade carrying the viewer to the world of Central Asian legends organised near Labi-Khauz in the centre of Bukhara opens the festival. The event features hundreds of people in traditional clothes, actors, dancers, acrobats, wrestlers and musicians performing traditional ceremonial tunes, all marching through Bukhara’s historical centre. The festifal’s epicentre then moves to a large traditional bazaar, wher..
Nodir Devon Begi madrasah is located in historical center of Bukhara- Lyabi Hauz. It was built by the vizier(prime minister) of Bukhara Imam kulikhan in the beginning of XVII century, madrasah still keeps its luxurious colored majolica, by which, not only the outside but the inside walls are painted. But the most amazing and mysterious part is that, there is a bright panel of the entrance portal on which 2 birds–Simurg fly towards human-sun holding in its paws whether fallow deer or piglets. The interesting part is that, Islam forbids drawinga human or an animal. In the meantime, souve..
The architectural complex Poi Kalan is situated in the very centre of Bukhara. It is easy to find the complex as its main element, the Kalan minaret, towers above the city by almost 50 m and is visible practically from any spot in Bukhara. According to some sources, in the old times it was used as a landmark for caravans travelling across the desert around Bukhara. As the city has not changed its geographic location over centuries and has only expanded its boundaries, the Poi Kalan complex remains today, a thousand years afterwards, the central part, the axis of Bukhara. The construction..
The Samanids mausoleum (9th-10th century) is the tomb of the Samanid dynasty, which used to rule Bukhara in the Middle Ages. A unique sample of the early medieval architecture, the mausoleum is one of the oldest monuments in Bukhara and Central Asia that have reached our days in a good state of preservation. Specialists hold the construction in high esteem as one of the Central Asian masterpieces and a true gem in the world’s architecture. The mausoleum was constructed between 892 and 943 by the order of Persian ruler Ismail Samani, the founder of the huge Samanid Empire, which covered the..
Chor-Minor (the name translates from Perisan as ‘four minarets’) is the most original and interesting construction in Bukhara situated deep inside an ancient residential quarter (mahalla) ten minutes on foot from Labi Khauz. Chor-Minor consists of an entrance portal (chartak) of an unusual shape with a dome and four low towers imitating minarets, whose domes were once decorated with blue tiles and drums covered with mosaics of bricks against a terracotta background (single blue and white slabs). The minarets’ trunks are constructed of polished bricks. The portal is the only element that ha..
The country palace of Sitorai Mohi-Khosa is situated 4 km north of Bukhara. The name of the palace can be translated as ‘palace similar to the stars and the moon’. The palace was a summer residence of the emirs (rulers of Bukhara). Its construction started in the late 19th century, when Emir Ahudkhan ordered to send the best masters of Bukhara to Russia (St Petersburg and Yalta) for adopting the methods used by Russian architects. The palace’s main entrance is decorated with mosaics of diverse colours and shades, which is not characteristic of Bukhara where various tinges of blue and green w..
The Ark fortress is the most ancient archaeological monument in Bukhara. The legendary Siyavush, whom Firdousi glorified in his famous epic ‘Shahname", is considered to have constructed the fortress. The Ark was an administrative centre in the past. In front of the fortress there is a square named Registan. The Ark had two gateways. The eastern gates bore the name of Gurian, and the western ones – Registan, after the square they gave on to. The Ark fortress had the form of an irregular rectangle with the southeast corner slightly cut, a little elongated from west to east. The citadel of Ark..
The Baha ad-din Nakshbandi complex is a cultic ensemble in the centre of Bukhara. The complex arose around the grave of sheikh Baha ad-din Nakshbandi, the head of the most famous medieval order of dervishes Nakshbandia. Since the 15th century the Nakshbandia fraternity was one of the most popular Sufi orders in the world. The fraternity denied ostentatious asceticism and were actively engaged in economic life. Nakshbandi did not call upon his followers to become hermits, but on the contrary, wanted them to be industrious farmers, craftsmen, tradesmen and politicians. The order got alo..
Labi Hauz which is translated as ‘at the pond’ is one of the central squares of Bukhara situated in the southeast part of the city. The architectural ensemble was created in the 16th-17th centuries. The square has the form of an irregular polygon with the Divan-Begi madrasah in the eastern part. In the western part, opposite the madrasah, is the Divan-Begi khanqah. The khanqah is a small cruciform building with a domed hall in the centre and two storeys of khujras around it. The main façade is flanked with low towers and decorated with mosaics and interwoven ornaments running at its sides. T..
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