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Khodjent is an ancient Central Asian city. It is also the second largest city in Tajikistan, situated in the northern part of the country on the Sirdarya River in the Fergana Valley. The city was founded by Alexander the Great about 2500 years ago. According to the Greek sources, in 329 B.C. on the Yaksart (today’s Sirdarya) River he founded a fortress that had to be frontier of his empire. Then thanks to its good geographical location, it was actively populated and turned into big for that time city, which was known as Alexandria Eskhata. Precise location of the ancient city was unknown till ..
Khorog has been a part of Tajikistan since 1932 and today it is the center of the Mountain-Badakhshan autonomous region. It is situated at an altitude of 2200m and stretches for 10km at the confluence of the Gunt River and the Piandj River. Khorog is connected by highways and air communication with cities Dushanbe and Osh. The city is surrounded by many gardens. Over the east part of the city at an altitude of 2320m above sea level on the coastal zone of the Shakhdara River is situated the renowned Pamirskiy botanical garden with unique plants, brought from different parts of the world. Wor..
Mountain Badakhshan
The Mountain Badakhshan (GBAO) is a marvelous mountain country. There are only two similar places over the world: Tibet and Bolivia high mountains. You can reach the Mountain Badakhshan on one of the most high-mountain highway in the world – Pamir Highway with extension of 728 km via the highest pass in the CIS – Ak-Baital (4641 m), crossing the deepest gorges, high-mountain deserts, where only yaks are able to find poor fodder for themselves. But even there, in inclement conditions, the people calling themselves proudly “Pamirians” are able to live in those places. Amazingly beautiful landsc..
Fann Mountains
The Wonderful Fann Mountains – the Most Popular Region in Tajikistan. The Fann Mountains is the country of turquoise lakes, breathtakingly high peaks and ancient legends. You can hardly find such a marvelous place anywhere in the world, with over 30 beautiful mountain lakes and a dozen peaks more than 5,000 m high concentrated on a relatively small area of 650 km2. The picturesque Zindon and Archamaydan valleys, the fabulous beauty of Big Allo Lake surrounded by vertical rocks, splendid Kulikalon, Alaudin and Marguzor Lakes, legendary Iskanderkul Lake, amazing waterfalls and astounding and ..
The Tajik portion of the Vakhan Valley ends in the large exotic village of Langar. Located at an elevation of 3,000 m above sea level, Langar is the highest village in the southern part of the Pamir Mountains. The weather there is cool and windy throughout. The place is surrounded on all sides by the 6,000-metre peaks of the Pamirs and Hindu Kush. Near Langar the Vakhandarya merges with the larger Pamir River to form the Panj. The village is highly popular among tourists: it is interesting from an ethnographic aspect and features an original tomb of a saint with an altar covered with numerous ..
Ihkashim, a small village of three streets stretching along the highway in the Panj Valley, is the administrative centre of Ishkashim District. The village is situated at the border with Afghanistan and its main attraction is the Afghan Bazaar organised on weekends in a neutral territory, on the other side of a bridge across the Panj. There people from a few nearby villages in both countries sell each other China-manufactured mass consumption goods. It is quite interesting to watch Afghan sellers and buyers in characteristic traditional clothes. There tourists can purchase authentic p..
About 15 km west of Ishkashim, near the village of Namanguti, you will find the famous Kaahka, one of the most ancient fortresses (3rd century BC-7th century AD) in the Western Pamirs lying currently in ruins. The stronghold was named so after a legendary strongman, the king of fire worshippers (siakhpushes). It is perched on a rock in the middle of the valley and is 675 m long and 200 m wide. The strong double walls of stone and mud brick are reinforced with 56 round and square towers with loopholes. There are a few palace rooms on a citadel in the fortress’s north-western corner. The riversi..
Pendjikent city is situated in the valley of the Zarafshan river, 68 km south-east of Samarkand and 320 km south-west of Khodjikent. In the south-east outskirts of today’s Pendjikent are situated ruins of an ancient Sogd town of the same name, which is a unique monument of Central Asia culture. This town existed in 5-8th cc. B.C. and was called "Central Asian Pompeii". It is one of not many well studied ancient towns of Sogd. Style and technique of Pendjikent culture is near to art of other ancient Central Asian towns Afrasiab, Varakhsha, Shakhristan as well as towns of Iran, Afghanistan an..
Istravshan (Ura-Tyube)
Ura-Tyube is one of the ancient cities of Central Asia, sprang up more than 2500 years ago. The city is situated at an altitude of about 1000m above sea level on the Aksu mountain river at the west side of the Turkestan Ridge.It is believed that Ura-Tyube was established by Persian king Kir. The city became an extreme point of his great state in the Nord-East. Accordingly to the Greek sources, in 329 B.C. this city named Kiropol was conquered by Alexander the Great. But accordingly to the notices of sultan Baber, the city was the capital of Utrusana land and had the same name. As Ura-Tybe ("ur..
Since 1991 Dushanbe (former Stalinabad and the capital of ex-Tajik SSR since 1925) has been the capital of sovereign Tajikistan. It is a rather young city, situated among mountains in the scenic Gissar valley at an altitude of more than 800 m. above sea level. For the first time the city was mentioned in historical sources of 1676. Dushanbe is translated from Tajik as "Monday" ("du" is two; "shanbe" is Saturday, thus two days after Saturday). The reason is not that the city was founded on this day, but since olden days a big east market "bazar" has taken place there every Monday. The city occu..
Yamchun settlement
The village of Yamchun ranks as one of the most interesting tourist attractions in the Vakhan Valley. Yamchun is situated 90 km east of the administrative centre of the district, Ishkashim. Near the village you can find the strongest fortress of the Vakhan Valley, which stands on an elevated area protected on three sides by deep natural canyons. The stronghold was encircled by three rings of double walls up to 950 m long and up to 400 m wide. With 40 towers and a citadel in its most elevated part, the fortress was a truly impressive and majestic structure. Judging from the ruins of its walls a..
Vakhan Valley
Vakhan, the Vakhan Valley and the Vakhan Corridor are the different names for one of the most interesting places in the world. The picturesque valley is named so after the stream running on its bottom, the Vakhandarya, a tributary of the legendary Panj River flowing along Tajikistan's southwestern border, where Tajikistan is separated from Pakistan by a strip of Afghan land, narrow (between 20 km and 50 km) and long (200 km from the Tajik village of Ishkashim in the east to the Takmansudavan Pass on the Afghanistan-China border, in the west). Squeezed between the Pamir Mountains (Shakhdara and..
The village of Vrang is a wonderful place, the only one in the Pamir Mountains featuring a 4th-7th-century Buddhist cultic complex located on a high cliff above the village. The monument consists of a three-tier stone stupa in a yard enclosed in high walls with towers. Next to the stupa there are a number of artificial grottoes, the monks’ cells, dug in the steep slope of a mountain. According to experts, it was one of the centres of the Tibetan version of Buddhism. The Tajik portion of the Vakhan Valley ends in the large exotic village of Langar. Located at an elevation of 3,000 m above se..
Tajikistan visa information
To travel in Tajikistan you should have travel visa. Travel visa is to be issued by Tajikistan embassy after receiving of invitation letter made with request of travel agency on behalf of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Tajikistan. To obtain invitation letter for travel visa (visa support letter) according to the demands of MFA of Tajikistan we need the following client"s details: • Full name • Sex • Citizenship • Date & place of birth (Please indicate country and city of birth) • Passport number, date of issue and date of expire • Home stay (full address) • Place of work an..
Iskanderkul lake
Iskanderkul (39° 4"17.17"N; 68°22"1.66"E) is the largest lake in the Fann Mountains situated at an elevation of 2,068 m above sea level. The reservoir has the form of an irregular triangle with rounded angles. It is 3.5 sq km in area and 72.0 m deep. Lake Iskanderkul is a true pearl of the Pamir-Alai and is sometimes called the heart of the Fann Mountains. On all sides it is surrounded with huge rocky masses, which in some places form impregnable walls. The highest peak in the area, Mount Kyrk Shaytan, rises to almost four kilometres above sea level. Howeve..
Marguzor Lakes
At the western extremity of the Fann Mountains there is a chain of seven lakes stretching along the Shin River valley, six of which were formed through obstruction of the stream, except for Lake Khazorchashma. The entire system is called Marguzor Lakes, but each lake has its own name, too: Nezhigon (also Mizhgon), Soya, Gushor, Nofin, Khurdak, Marguzor and Khazorchashma. Often they are referred to by their numeric names, starting from the lowest: Nezhigon is the first, Soya is the second, Gushor is the third and so on. The difference in altitudes between the lowest and highest of the la..
Kulikalon lakes
Kulikalon (39°15"11.47"N; 68°10"19.13"E) translated from Tajik as ‘a big lake’ is the second largest lake in the Fann Mountains. This body of water is located at the western extremity of the big Kulikalon depression at an elevation of 2,800 m. To get to the lake area, one of the most beautiful sites of the Fann Mountains, we need to have a five-hour walk from the Artuch camp on an excellent path. The lake is surrounded by a juniper forest, and the water is warm enough to swim. The northern shoreline has a fine pattern, with numerous cosy bays cutting deeply into..
Lakes of Chukurak gorge
The Chukurak Gorge has in it three lakes, each beautiful and unique. The lowest of them, Lake Chukurak (39°15"47.61"С; 68° 8"2.65"В), is located upstream of the mouth of the ravine blocking the way to the north (2,430 m). There, at the foot of a grandiose rocky fortress, under mountain slopes thickly covered with junipers, you can find an elongated lake, greenish in daylight and dark blue in the evening, which tends to turn into a carpet of tiny ripples whenever touched by a light wind. The lake is double, with the water cascading from the higher, larger part into th..
Moutniye lake
If we go to the south of Alaudin Lakes higher into the mountains, we can see the first moraine blocking the gorge. Its formidable crest consists of large blocks of rock, slabs and pillars. The easiest way to go round it is from the western side, where you can find some hints of a path under the wall of Adamtash. The last juniper grows under the first moraine. Lake Piala in the form of a regular bowl can be found glimmering right at the foot of the moraine at an elevation of 2,950 m (39°13"21.19"N; 68°14"55.80"E). A stream gushes from under a scree to call at the lake and ..
Bolshoe Allo lake
In 1912 a powerful earthquake pushed the Fann Mountains from inside and broke into pieces the southern slope of the Western Fann Range. A river was blocked and an inimitably beautiful lake, Big Allo, appeared. The reservoir in the form of a bean lying in a depression surrounded with huge vertical walls at an elevation of 3,150 m (39°12"27.99"С; 68° 7"52.55"В) is filled with incredibly deep blue ice-cold water. The northern shore features individual relict junipers with strangely twisted and bent trunks, which inevitably attract photographers and those who like unusually s..
Sarez Lake
There are more than two thousands lakes on the territory of Tajikistan and the Sarezskoe Lake is one of the most beautiful lakes. It is situated in the middle of the high mountains land Pamir. It was formed in winter 1911, when due to an earthquake the valley of the Bartang (Murgab) river – the main confluent of the Amudarya River, has been obstructed by mass of stones that slept down and created a dam. The Usoy village with the whole population has been totally buried under the rock debris. The landslide is approximately 2 km3, its maximal height is 500-700 m more than initial bottom of the..
The caves of Khodja-Mumin salt dome
Khodja-Mumin salt group, one of the most unusual and interesting creation of nature is located in the South Tajikistan not far from Kulyab city. The huge salt mountain in the shape of dome towers above environing plain for 900 m (the altitude is 1332 m.a.s.l.). Khodja-Mumin is seen at a distance of tens kilometers. Because of the salt whiteness it seems that the mountain is covered by fresh snow. On the plan the dome has an oval shape and it’s length is as far as 8,5 km. Khodja-Mumin and nearby Khodja-Sarkis massif are the second in the world as regards their capacity after K..
The Lakes of the Fan Mountains
Doubtless, lakes are the principal treasure of the Fan Mountains. There are more than 30 of them there – large and small, deep and shallow, legendary and lost in inaccessible gorges. It would hardly be possible to find many places in the world with such a dense concentration of beautiful many-coloured lakes – their colour ranging from tender green to dark purple – in a rather small area covered with majestic snow-capped mountains and overlooked by a serene blue sky. A complex intersection of mountain ridges and the activity of glaciers had created conditions favourable for the forma..
Fedchenko glacier
Fedchenko glacier is the largest in the former USSR and one of the biggest in the world. It is 77 km long and from 1700 to 3100m wide. It springs from the foot of the Revolucii Peak at north mountainside of the Yazgulemskiy mountain range and runs along east mountainside of the Science Academy mountain range. Ice in the middle of the glacier is approximately 1000m thick, the glacier’s rate of movement is about 66,8 centimeters/24hours, total glaciation’s area is 992sq.km. The glacier is largest middle-latitude valley-type glacier in the world. The glacier’s upper end is at an altitude of 628..
Tajikistan History
The History of the present-day Tajikistan goes back to prehistoric times. From the 6th-4th century BC the Persian Achaemenid Empire"s satrapies (provinces) of Bactria and Sogdiana were located in this region of Central Asia. In the 4th century BC this ternary came under the rule of Alexander the Great who had destroyed the Persian Empire. In the 2nd century BC, after the overthrow of the Greeks in Bactria, a new state called Tokharistan was formed in order to later, together with Sogdiana and other areas of Central Asia, to become part of the tremendous Kushan Kingdom. The "Silk Road" from C..
Embassies & consulate offices of Tajikistan abroad
Embassies & consulate offices of Tajikistan abroad Country Address Telephone, E-mail Austria A-1090 Vienna, Universitats Strasse 8/1A +43 1 409 82 66 11 tajikembassy@chello.at Iran The square Niyovaron, Shahid Zinali b.3,10 +98 21 229 95 84 280 92 49 tajemb-iran@mail.ru China Beijing, 100 600 №5-1-41 Ta yuan Diplomatic Compound +86 10 65 32 30 39 65 32 25 98 td@a-l.net.cn Consult of RT in Pakistan House 90, Main Double Road, F-10/1,Islamabad +92 51 229 46 75 tajikcns@isb.comsats.net.pk Constant representative of RT by UNO 136 E..

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