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Tajikistan

Tajikistan

Tajikistan is a young independent state lying in the South-East part of Central Asia. It adjoins Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan on West and North, and borders on China on East and South. It has a land area of 143,000 square kilometres and a populations of about 6 million people (among them Tajiks make 62%, Uzbeks - 24%, Russians - 8% and others - 4%). A significant part of the population is young: approximately 50% are of age under 20. About 67% of the population lives in rural area. The vast majority of the population lives in well-irrigated valleys which enjoy a relatively mild climate.

The capital city of Tajikistan is Dushanbe - a city of over 600,000 people.

Climate: extreme continental with air temperature ranging between +20oC and 0oC in January and 0oC to +30o C in June - depending on altitude. Annual rainfall varies between 150 mm and 250 mm.

The official language is Tajik (Farsi) attributed to the group of Persian languages. Russian is widely spoken and English is now being taught throughout the country.

Mountains occupy 93% of the territory and more than a half of the country is located at the altitude of more than 3,000 meters. The highest Central Asia"s peaks including Communism Peak (7,495 m), and Lenin Peak (7,134 m) are there.

The unusual climatic range has fostered a rich flora and fauna. There are more than 5,000 species of plants and flowers, while mammals include bear, fox, lynx, marten, snow leopard and wolf, many of them (including the Bukhara deer) indigenous. The valleys of the rivers Vaksh and Pyandj are well-stocked with brushwood deer, and the Pamirs are the ancient home of the wild ram

Tajikistan"s greatest potential for expansion, however, perhaps lie in the country"s very considerable mineral and energy resources.Tajikistan is mining substantial amounts of gold, silver and non-ferrous metals as well as high-valued non-metallic, gemstones and marble.

The country is justly renowned for precious and semi-precious stones, including Pamir lazurite, lapis lazuli, rubies, amethysts, spinels and many forms of ornamental quartz.

The hydropower station at Nurek, on the Vaksh river 80 km east of Dushanbe, is the largest in Central Asia and one of the largest in the world. The dam, 300 meters high, is among the highest in the world, holding some 10,000 million cubic meters of water.
Tajikistan can rightfully claim to be a four - fuel economy.
The largest industrial enterprise in the country (an annual capacity of 500,000 tones of aluminium) is the huge aluminium smelter at Tursunzade.
While agriculture is centred around cotton, silk, fruits, nuts and vegetables, Tadjikistan is also a leading producer of geranium oil for use in perfumes, and famous for it"s mineral water deposits, many of which remain relatively untapped.
The major proportion of light industry is given over to the production of garments and textiles, including cotton and silk, sewn and knitted wear, hosiery and shoes.

The strong influence of the Persian tradition in Tajik culture lives on in the weaving of carpets - the factory at Kayzakkum is the largest of its kind in the former Soviet Union.

A wide range of porcelain goods is also produced.

The potential for tourism and leisure is excellent, and the Tajiks are keen to share the natural beauty and contrasts of their country, and their rich and ancient culture, with holiday-makers and businessmen alike. Whether embarking on a cultural visit to Tajikistan (and its neighbouring cities of Samarkand and Bukhara), or trekking and mountaineering in the remote and unspoiled Pamirs, visitors will find much to enjoy.

Subcategories

Caves of Central Asia
Over the course of millions of years, nature has created numerous of caves in the mountains of Central Asia. Every cave is unique in its own way. They differ in size, depth and rock type and are distinguished by long labyrinths, bottomless pits and the beauty of their underground halls not created by human beings. The caves are us...
Dushanbe
Since 1991 Dushanbe (former Stalinabad and the capital of ex-Tajik SSR since 1925) has been the capital of sovereign Tajikistan. It is a rather young city, situated among mountains in the scenic Gissar valley at an altitude of more than 800 m. above sea level. For the first time the city was mentioned in historical sources of 1676. Dushanbe is translated from ...
Engels Peak (6510 m)
Engels Peak 6510 m, (firstly it called Tsaritsa Peak) is a mountain summit in Shakhdaryinskiy Range on South-West Pamir, Tajikistan. Firstly the ascension on Engels Peak 6510 m was accomplished by Georgian climbers in 1954 along the route from the shute of south wall (5A) under the direction Kuzmin K. And already in 1963 the team of army expeditio...
Fann Mountains
The Fann Mountains is a country of emerald lakes, peaks beyond the clouds and ancient legends. This is a unique part of Pamir. Vivid valleys Zindan and Archamaydan, fairy beauty of Big Allo lake, surrounding by vertical rocks, the most beautiful Kulikalon, Alaudin, Marguzor lakes and legendary Iskanderkul lake, amazing waterfa...
Fedchenko glacier
Fedchenko glacier is the largest in the former USSR and one of the biggest in the world. It is 77 km long and from 1700 to 3100m wide. It springs from the foot of the Revolucii Peak at north mountainside of the Yazgulemskiy mountain range and runs along east mountainside of the Science Academy mountain range. Ice in the middle of the glacier is approximately 1...
Istravshan (Ura-Tyube)
Ura-Tyube is one of the ancient cities of Central Asia, sprang up more than 2500 years ago. The city is situated at an altitude of about 1000m above sea level on the Aksu mountain river at the west side of the Turkestan Ridge.It is believed that Ura-Tyube was established by Persian king Kir. The city became an extreme point of his great state ...
Karl Marks Peak  (6726 m)
Karl Marks Peak (first is called Tsar Peacemaker Peak) is the highest point of Shakhdaryinskiy Range in south-west Pamir, Tajikistan. The first climbing expedition to Karl Marks Peak was in 1946 under the direction of Beletskiy E. The scouting of Rushanskiy Range was hold in the region of Patkhor Peak. Successfully finished the first ...
Khodjent
Khodjent is an ancient Central Asian city. It is also the second largest city in Tajikistan, situated in the northern part of the country on the Sirdarya River in the Ferganskaya Valley. The city was founded by Alexander the Great about 2500 years ago. According to the Greek sources, in 329 B.C. on the Yaksart (today’s Sirdarya) River he founded a fortress t...
Khorog
Khorog has been a part of Tajikistan since 1932 and today it is the center of the Mountain-Badakhshan autonomous region. It is situated at an altitude of 2200m and stretches for 10km at the confluence of the Gunt River and the Piandj River. Khorog is connected by highways and air communication with cities Dush...
Mayakovskiy Peak (6096 m)
This is mountain summit in south-western Pamir, in western part of Shakhdaryinskiy Range, Tajikistan. It’s a highest point of Ishkashim Range. There are some glaciers on the slopes. There are steep rocky walls from the north side. The first ascension to Mayakovskiy Peak was accomplished in 1947 by Soviet climbers under the direction of Budanov V.A. In 1946 the treiangul...
Mountain Badakhshan
The Mountain Badakhshan (GBAO) is a marvelous mountain country. There are only two similar places over the world: Tibet and Bolivia high mountains. You can reach the Mountain Badakhshan on one of the most high-mountain highway in the world – Pamir Highway with extension of 728 km via the highest pass in the CIS – Ak-Baital...
Pendjikent
Pendjikent city is situated in the valley of the Zarafshan river, 68 km south-east of Samarkand and 320 km south-west of Khodjikent. In the south-east outskirts of today’s Pendjikent are situated ruins of an ancient Sogd town of the same name, which is a unique monument of Central Asia culture. This town existed in 5-8th cc. B.C. and was cal...
Sarez Lake
There are more than two thousands lakes on the territory of Tajikistan and the Sarezskoe Lake is one of the most beautiful lakes. It is situated in the middle of the high mountains land Pamir. It was formed in winter 1911, when due to an earthquake the valley of the Bartang (Murgab) river – the main confluent of the Amudarya River,...

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