Artistic crafts hold a big place in cultural heritage of Uzbekistan. The secrets of the craft have been followed for generations, ancient ornaments were kept, artistic schools were established, that have become the center of many types of artistic crafts. The combination of ancient and modern architecture, art and traditions create the uniqueness of Uzbekistan – the pearl of Central Asia.more...
One of the most ancient and interesting types of applied arts of Uzbekistan is art ceramics. The products of craftsmen of Rishtan (Fergana valley), Gijduvan (Bukhara region), Urgut (Samarkand region) – amaze with their unique ornaments, bright colors and a fantasy of authors.
In the settlements of Uba (Bukhara region, Nurata (Navoi region), and also in Denau (Surkhandarya region) skillful craftsmen make clay toy. Fantastic animals, birds, horses, sheep consist the main reserve of images for clay toys. The most famous toys are toy whistles. The Central Asian toy is a unique phenomenon, preserved in rare places, in each locality it contains original and unique images.
Carpet weaving – is present in Uzbekistan from ancient times. With its elaborate decoration, gamma of colors, unique drawing and ornament and high quality of weaving these products attract many tourists. Ancient traditions of weavers from Uzbekistan are embodied in carpets, each of which is a true masterpiece, that with time become of antique value, the pride of the owner and always an indispensable attribute of a luxurious interior.
For the decoration of monumental buildings and interiors of palaces, museums, theaters in Uzbekistan are widely used several types of ancient oriental arts - ganch (alabaster) carving, stone and wood carving, painting on wood and ganch.
Ancient technicians of a varnish miniature are kept and widely used by modern masters. Skillfully painted with ethnic scenes, episodes from works of Uzbek poets casket, cases and decorative pumpkins, captivate with the brightness of colors, subtlety of lines and elegance of forms
No less interesting type of national art is copper embossing. Various dishes were made of copper that were decorated with the images of birds and animals, often - big plastic, for example, tips of the teapots and jugs. Geometrical ornaments, calligraphic paintings, astral motives were used.
A special place among Uzbek Artistic crafts holds a craft of making knives. The blade of the knives are made of high quality steel, and handles are made of wood, horns and metal that decorate with inlay, jewels and geometric ornaments.
In addition, apart from handles of knives, jewelers richly decorated the sheath for the sabers, men's belts, and horse equipment details. Still, the main aim of zargars (jewelers) was making different women's jewelry. In the museums of Tashkent, Samarkand and Bukhara jewels of from different eras are kept. Moreover, the forms of these ancient jewels are used today by ustas (masters) in their workshops.
Among a wonderful traditions, that is Uzbek art is rich by, artistic fabric decoration and a unique decorating of clothes – golden sewing hold a great place. The center of golden sewing was and still is Bukhara. Masters embroider various types of clothing – from national skullcaps to bathrobes, as well as large wall panels, theater curtains. In modern gold-embroidery workshops you can buy finished products, as well as order exclusive clothing.