The Museum of the Memory of the Victims of Repressions is the only one of its kind in the territory of the former Soviet Union. Every item in the museum"s collection is connected in this or that way with the repressions and persecutions of the Uzbek people. The repression of liberation movements by the Russian Empire and afterwards by the Soviet authorities, the destruction of the intelligentsia and the most active part of the population under the guise of struggle with rich people and anti-Revolution activity, the expulsions and Stalin’s repressions – all these terrifying events are reflected in the museum’s exhibits.
They tell about insurrections in the territory of the region, the fall of the Kokand Autonomy in February 1918, and the movement of the Jadids – Central Asian intelligentsia who put special stress upon education and enlightenment and a part of whom stood for Turkestan’s independence from Russia. Ethnic purges, search for enemies, gulags and the so called 1980s ‘cotton case’ – all these are the chronicles of the country’s history. The Museum of the Memory of the Victims of Repressions was opened shortly before the celebration of the 11th anniversary of the Independence of Uzbekistan, on 31 August 2002.